What is diabetes?
Diabetes is when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to control blood sugar levels. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells take in the glucose (Sugar) from food. Think of it, as insulin helps your body take in energy from food and when you don’t have enough insulin your body will start building up glucose (sugar) in your bloodstream.
The build up on glucose in the bloodstream is known as hyperglycaemia.
The opposite of hyperglycaemia is when you have low glucose (sugar) in the blood stream.
What are the impacts of diabetes?
Diabetes over time, damages the heart, nerves, vision loss, kidneys, sexual dysfunction, longer healing process and blood vessels.
How to manage diabetes?
Depending if you have type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, the management will be different.
If you have type 1 diabetes, this is where your body does not product insulin. You will require daily administration of insulin, eating a healthy diet and exercise.
If you have type 2 diabetes, this is where your body produces ineffective insulin. This will require a change in lifestyle such as eating healthy and being physically active. You may need to take medication to manage diabetes.
How to prevent diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes can only be prevented and this will require a change in life style and change in habits. You will need to:
- Eat healthy
- Stop smoking
- Reduce alcohol drinking (Less than 4 standard drinks a day)
- Keep a healthy weight based on your age and height
Other prevention things you can do, is see your doctor regularly.